Routine oral hygiene
Remove any debris that you see in the mouth or tongue lightly brushing with a soft toothbrush. If possible, do it regularly, but especially after meals and at bedtime. Foam sticks are an alternative, if a gentle brushing with a soft toothbrush causes pain or bleeding.
- Brush your teeth twice daily with a soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste.
-wash your mouth after meals and at night. Use water or sodium chloride 0.9% (saline or salt water). You can make a solution of sodium chloride per wash dissolving half a teaspoon of salt in 250 ml of fresh water. Use cold or hot water, no preference.
-If you wear dentures, remove them at night. Dentures cleaned with a soft brush and toothpaste. Soak overnight in a denture solution containing sodium hypochlorite. Rinse before using the next day. Soak metal dentures in chlorhexidine solution.
-Chewing pineapple can help you to clean your mouth. The caramelized pineapple contains an enzyme (chemical) that can help break the dirt in your mouth. You can also use fresh pineapple or unsweetened tinned pineapple.
-If you have a high risk of developing mouth problems (for example, if you have radiotherapy to the head or neck), it is best to increase the frequency of the measures above. For example, rinse your mouth every 1-2 hours.
-Water or saline (described above) are the most commonly used mouthwashes. They are soothing, do no harm, and are safe to use as often as you like.
-some mouthwashes such as ascorbic acid solution, hydrogen peroxide mouthwash or sodium bicarbonate mouthwash may be advised by a doctor or nurse in certain circumstances.
-Chlorhexidine mouthwash is sometimes advised if you are at risk of mouth infection. However, you should not normally use this more than twice a day. It contains alcohol which may sting, especially if your mouth is inflamed. If you do use this twice a day, you can always use water or sodium chloride mouthwashes as often as you like in between.
- Do not use glycerin or lemon mouthwashes. Because they often increase the sensation of a dry mouth.